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Recently learned that Xiuning County was included in the second batch of national agricultural green development leading areas by 8 ministries and commissions such as the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the county has established a new path for the development of modern ecological agriculture with Anhui characteristics based on the characteristic resources and ecological advantages of the mountainous areas, focusing on cultivating "two teas, one flower and one fish" and other characteristic industries. In the first three quarters of this year, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in the county was 12,693 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.8%.
Optimize the structure and continuously upgrade the leading industries
"Almost every family here raises spring water fish. It used to be eaten or given away by ourselves. I didn't expect to sell it for 80 yuan a catty now," said the person in charge of Xuyuan Village, Banqiao Township, Xiuning County. Now the villagers are talking about There are smiles on the face when spring fish are raised. Mountain spring, flowing water and fish farming have a history of more than 1,000 years in Xiuning County, which is an original ecological breeding model. The county took advantage of this and took the mountain spring water fish farming industry as an important fulcrum for agricultural transformation and upgrading, digging deep into the history and culture of spring water fish, increasing brand promotion, and delineating the core production areas for spring fish development. At present, the county has built 3 professional spring fish farming towns, developed 15 farming enterprises, 5 farmer professional cooperatives, and 20 spring fish farming family farms. It has cultivated 5 spring fish brands and registered 7 water farms. Fish logo.
Tea, as the leading agricultural industry in Xiuning County, has gradually developed towards large-scale and organic development in recent years. In order to promote the cultivation of organic tea, Huangshan Wangguangxi Songluo Tea Industry Co., Ltd. has established demonstration bases in Xiuning Jianjian, Bazhuang, etc., and provides cooperatives with good-quality tea seedlings, organic fertilizers and biological pesticides every year. In order to ensure the safety of agricultural products and reduce pesticide residues at the source, every year before the new tea is mined, the company collects old leaves and branches at various bases and conducts sampling testing of pesticide residues. Through the continuous construction of three-dimensional ecological tea gardens, replacement of pesticides and fertilizers, and ecological restoration of tea gardens, Xiuning County has built a number of large-scale, standardized and efficient ecological tea gardens, including the Xin'anyuan Organic Tea Core Demonstration Area, and a 25,000 mu organic tea core demonstration area. The county's tea garden "three products and one standard" certification area is 156,000 acres, accounting for 82% of the total area. Two companies have passed Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) certification. This year, the county's annual output value of the tea industry has reached 988.6 million yuan, and the comprehensive output value is expected. Reached 3.2 billion yuan.
In recent years, Xiuning County has insisted on relying on good mountain water resources to continuously promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional characteristic agriculture. In addition to spring water fish and tea, the county has established a tea dry processing cluster area with Wucheng tea dry town as the core, and Lantian and Haiyang as the core of the Huiju production and processing advantage area. The annual comprehensive output value of the two industries has reached 4 100 million yuan and 350 million yuan. Featured agricultural products such as tea, chrysanthemums, spring fish, etc. have also been included in the policy insurance pilot. In addition, a group of characteristic agricultural products such as Wucheng Rice Wine, South Anhui Flower Pigs, and Lantian Mao Tofu have been protected and developed, becoming a golden key for farmers to increase income.
Agricultural tourism integration, extending the ecological industry chain
"Rural tourism is doing well. Now the villagers have more income, the village is cleaner, and the popularity is booming. Unlike the sparse and dilapidated people in the past, I am also happy to be a voluntary tour guide." In Zuyuan Village, Xikou Town, Xiuning County , Retired teacher Zhu Maogui returned to his hometown to serve as a volunteer interpreter. By attracting investment, Zuyuan Village relies on rural landscapes such as the millennium yew, more than 100 acres of terraces, and hundreds of homestays to develop rural tourism that integrates rural tourism, making the original hollow village come alive. In 2018, it received more than 150,000 tourists and realized tourism income of more than 6 million yuan, driving the average per capita income of about 2,000 yuan more.
With the development of the economy, the domestic tourists' demand for tourism continues to increase. Xiuning County seized the opportunity to promote the combination of agriculture and tourism, vigorously develop the agricultural leisure tourism industry, and the development pattern of the integration of agriculture, tea, and fish tourism was initially formed. Taking fish tourism integration as an example, a leisure fishery system integrating farming cultural experience, rural leisure tourism, and fish-themed catering was developed in the core area of mountain springs and flowing fish farming. The county has created a spring fish that integrates leisure, tourism, and fishery. There are 7 bases, 1 spring fish experience hall and 1 fish expo hall, 179 fisher houses, and 12 series of dishes including "one fish and three eats" and "full fish banquet" have been developed, and the "spring fish festival" has been held for seven consecutive years. "Spring Water Fish Cooking Contest" and other activities have formed unique ecological cuisine and new business formats such as cultural experience, landscape vacations, and rural leisure. At present, the county has 45 leisure farms (tea, fishing) with a certain scale, 24 leisure agriculture demonstration villages, 5 provincial-level excellent tourist towns, and the county's farmhouse operators have grown to more than 460. The county's leisure agriculture The annual number of visitors to rural tourism reached 5 million people, and realized a total operating income of 3.7 billion yuan. Rural tourism has basically formed a diversified rural tourism industry pattern such as leisure health, folk experience, and flower viewing photography.
Ecological priority, enhance the advantages of green development
In Xiuning, insisting on ecological priority and green development is the consensus of the county people. How to protect green mountains and green water? Xiuning County started with the management of small and medium rivers. In the county's Hengjiang Wetland Park, a light breeze blows microwaves on the river surface, adults walk with children on the water trails, and people fishing on the riverside grow long. However, before 2012, it was another scene, "The river beach is a overgrown rocky beach, and the river will float white garbage from time to time." Old people who came to the park for leisure recalled. The river management in Xiuning County starts from the Haiyang section of the Hengjiang River with a total investment of 450 million yuan. It will coordinate the promotion of municipal construction, water conservancy construction, landscape construction, tourism development and other projects, complete the restoration of aquatic vegetation 8 hectares, and restore the bird habitat 8 Hectares, 14 hectares of terrestrial vegetation have been restored, and since then it has become a beautiful wetland park.
The creation of the "Eco-beauty Supermarket" has changed the rural environment. Xiuning County deepened the pilot innovation of the ecological compensation mechanism in the Xin'an River Basin, and established a "Garbage Exchange Supermarket". Garbage discarded by farmers everywhere became daily necessities in the supermarket. At present, there are 70 upgraded "ecological beauty supermarkets" for the "recycling supermarkets" created in the Xin'an River Basin, integrating the pesticide waste packaging recycling network and rural domestic waste exchange channels, focusing on solving the systematic and cooperative nature of ecological protection at the source of the Xin'an River. And intensive issues to create a beautiful environment in Xiuning.
Xiuning County adheres to the concept of ecological priority and green development, adheres to protection during development and development during protection, and truly realizes the organic unification of green mountains and green mountains. The county started the third round of piloting of the ecological compensation mechanism in the Xin'an River Basin, promoted integrated management of river and forest lengths, carried out centralized distribution of pesticides, comprehensive utilization of crop straws, and advocated trials of prohibited chemical herbicides. By the end of 2018, 97 centralized pesticide distribution outlets had been established, and 21 townships throughout the county had achieved full coverage of the outlets. In the county's green prevention and control core areas of tea, rice and chrysanthemum, the use rate of biological pesticides reached 85%. 133,000 mu of agricultural non-point source pollution was implemented, and the comprehensive utilization rate of straw in the county reached 90.6%. At present, there are 19 ecological townships above the provincial level in the county, of which 5 are national ecological townships, and they have been selected as the province's agricultural product quality and safety counties.
Edit: Wen Chao