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Hui Craftsman Heart Guards "Homesickness" —— An Ancient Model of "Yu Qingtang" Appears in the National Theatre

来源:张科江大俊 December 27, 2019 16:31:58 Source: Zhang Kejiang Dajun

Recently, jointly sponsored by the National Grand Theater and the Anhui Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism, the first domestic thematic exhibition of Anhui music and opera culture— “Anhui Music Sound—Anhui Music and Opera Cultural Relic Exhibition” was held in the East Exhibition Hall of the National Grand Theater. Curtain. The "Yu Qingtang" ancient stage model became a hotspot of the exhibition once it was unveiled. Guests and tourists picked up the mobile phone cameras to take every detail of the ancient model of Yu Qingtang. They all marveled at the exquisite Huipai craftsmanship and the ancient architecture Charm.

It is reported that this exquisite model was produced by the director of Huangshan Huipai Sculpture Museum, national non-genetic inheritor, and national technical expert Hong Jianhua in 3 months. Although it is scaled down by a ratio of 10 to 1, it is only 3.77 meters long and 1 meter high, but its manufacturing process is very strict. Nearly 10,000 components of the entire building are made of mahogany, which is a good material. Chinese traditional tenon-and-mortise structure, such as three-dimensional circular sculpture, bas-relief, deep relief and other traditional techniques.

The model is divided into front, middle and back three, the forward is the stage, the hatchback is the theater building, and the main stage is integrated into one, the most exquisitely carved is the forward stage. The craftwork of the stage is exquisite. The front eaves and eaves are covered with decorative bucket arches, inner and outer foreheads, diagonal braces, bird stands, moon beams, etc., which fully demonstrates the exquisite Hui carving art. Liu Ruoxi, a student of Beijing Old Palace Middle School, couldn't help but admire: "First of all, I feel that this building is very delicate, so many wooden structures are spliced together cleverly, which fully demonstrates the wisdom of artisans, and makes me feel the profoundness of Hui culture, especially want to go to Huizhou Just walk and take a look. "

It is understood that the Yuqingtang Ancient Theatre is located in Zhulin Natural Village, Xin'an Township, Qimen County. It was built during the Xianfeng period of Qing Dynasty. Among the theaters left in ancient Huizhou, the format is the most perfect. The Zaojing in the center of the stage is unique in Huizhou Theatre. structure. The stage is full of figures, flowers, birds, and opera reliefs, which are very rare. It has valuable historical value for studying the history of architecture in the Qing Dynasty, the history of Chinese opera stage art, the history of folklore, and the history of Huizhou culture, Huizhou wood carving, and the performance art of Mulian opera.

"The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has encouraged me to promote outstanding traditional Chinese culture and advanced socialist culture." Hong Jianhua admitted that as a non-genetic inheritor, he has a responsibility to "live" traditional Huizhou culture. Pass it down. "The Yu Qingtang model is an attempt. Data collection, field visits, taking pictures, design drawings, and production review, we got a lot of inspiration from the entire production process and also learned a wealth of experience." Hong Jianhua said that the next step It is intended to extend the craftsmanship of this model, and start to make another building, and gradually reduce some representative ancient buildings in Huizhou to make smaller models. By cultivating ancient buildings and exploring the culture of Huizhou, let more People understand Huizhou construction art and carving skills.

The artisan heart of Huizhou inherits the skills and guards the "nostalgia". The wisdom of the ancestors of Huizhou is being carried forward by the new generation of craftsmen, so that more people can feel the profound historical and cultural heritage of ancient Huizhou and the homeland feelings of great country craftsmen. ·

Edit: Yao Min