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[Image power] Traditional Ironwork of Huizhou

来源:黄山日报 作者:郑宏 December 16, 2019 09:28:36 Source: Huangshan Daily Author: Zheng

Sparks splashing during the ironing process

The ancient Huizhou strike iron is also called "blacksmith shop". The so-called "shop" is just a small, shabby house. A large furnace is set up inside the house. A bellows is set up on the side, and the bellows is pulled into the furnace. The forged iron material was placed in a furnace to burn red, and then moved to a large iron pier. The blacksmith master held the hammer and forged it with a sledgehammer. The master is rich in experience. During the forging process, the iron material is constantly turned so that it can make square iron into round iron bars or thick iron bars into slender iron bars. It can be said that in the hands of old blacksmiths, hard iron blocks can be square, round, long, flat, and pointed. The finished iron products include agricultural tools that match the traditional production methods, such as plows, rakes, hoe, picks, sickles, etc., and some daily necessities, such as kitchen knives, spatulas, planers, scissors, etc., in addition to door knockers, foam nails, door inserts Wait.

Forged farm tools

Ironworking is both a physical and a technical task. It seems simple, but it is not easy. Add charcoal, make a fire, cut the material, watch the heat ... From the beginning of the steel, to a piece of iron split, and then sandwich the steel in the middle, and then cooked the fire, must be burned to make the iron melt together, at this time the fire must be To master, otherwise it is easy to give up. A piece of ironware needs to go through more than ten procedures such as burning, hammering, bending, training, shaping, quenching and grinding, etc., before it can be completed. When making ironware, it is very important to master the heat. Sometimes the heat is passed, the iron plate will be burned through, and the heat is not enough, and the iron will not turn on, which will not achieve the desired effect.

Boiling fire is to remove some impurities in pig iron by high temperature and hammering

Nowadays, with the change of the times, some purely handmade iron products are gradually replaced by mechanization, and the profession of blacksmith has gradually faded out of people's sight. However, there are still some ironsmiths who have persisted and are reluctant to abandon this ancient craft. They are determined to be the final "watchers of the fire".

Quenched


Edit: Wen Chao