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Title: Pan Cheng
The 24th issue of Qiushi, published on December 16, published an important article by the CPC Central Committee General Secretary, State President and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping, “Promoting the Regional Economic Layout with Complementary Competitive Advantages and High-Quality Development”, emphasizing “all-round ecological Compensation system ... Promote the experience of the Xinan River water environment compensation pilot, and encourage upstream, downstream, and other types of compensation such as capital, industry, and talent. "
Take up political responsibility for ecological and environmental protection
Xin'an River originated from Liugujian, Xiuning County, with a total length of 359 kilometers and an area of 242.3 kilometers in Anhui. It is the largest river in Zhejiang Province. Its water quality directly affects the ecological security of Qiandao Lake and the Yangtze River Delta region.
General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the environmental protection of the Xin'an River and Qiandao Lake. When he was Vice President of the State Council in 2011, he made important instructions and emphasized: "Qiandao Lake is an extremely rare high-quality water resource in China. It is of great significance to strengthen the protection of Qiandao Lake water resources. In this issue, we must avoid repeating the mistakes of pollution before treatment. The two provinces of Zhejiang and Anhui should focus on the overall situation, control pollution from the source, and take a path of mutual benefit and win-win. "It was under the personal instructions and advocacy of General Secretary Xi Jinping as The country ’s first ecological compensation mechanism across river basins, the Xinanjiang Ecological Compensation Mechanism, was officially launched in 2012, and has become a major innovation in China ’s ecological civilization system.
Carrying out the pilot project of ecological compensation in the Xin'an River Basin is a concrete embodiment of the ecological civilization thought of the internship in Jinping, and it is an inescapable political responsibility. The two provinces of Anhui and Zhejiang attach great importance. The Anhui Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government included the pilot reform into the five major development action plans, and listed it as an important task for the reform of the ecological civilization system in the province. As an important part of the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, a high-standard leadership group was set up and pushed forward at a high level. Our city has gone all out to set up a special Xin'anjiang Ecological Construction Protection Bureau, establish and improve a city, county, and village full coverage work system, and do a good job of implementation. A “joint meeting system” has been established between the upper and lower reaches of the Xin'an River, insisting on regular consultations, carrying out regular monitoring, joint fishing during the flood season, joint law enforcement, and emergency linkage, etc., forming a good working situation of coordinated coordination and joint prevention and co-governance.
Since the pilot, the water quality of the Xin'an River Basin has been stable and improving. Each year, 7 billion cubic meters of clean water is sent to Qiandao Lake downstream, which accounts for 70% of the annual average storage volume of Qiandao Lake. A mutually beneficial upstream initiative to strengthen protection and downstream support for upstream development have been explored. Win-win road.
Build a green ecological security barrier
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that to effectively control water pollution and protect the water environment, it is necessary to comprehensively coordinate the left and right banks, upstream and downstream, onshore water, surface and underground, rivers and oceans, aquatic water resources, pollution prevention and ecological protection, to achieve the most systematic governance. Good effect. Starting from the integrity of the river basin and the system of governance, the city carries out the construction of ecological civilization in the whole river basin, in all directions and in the entire process.
Resolutely win the clear water defense battle. Normalization is carried out for river salvage and ditch cleaning, implementation of cage recuperation and ship sewage ashore projects, and sewage interception and reconstruction of the main stream and branch inflows of the Xin'an River to keep the river water clean. The integration of the "three revolutions" in rural toilet waste and sewage, and the construction of a rural waste collection and transportation and sewage treatment PP project have significantly improved the rural living environment. Innovatively build a centralized pesticide distribution system, carry out large-scale livestock and poultry breeding, and effectively prevent and control agricultural pollution sources. The implementation of the negative list of industrial access system is definitely not the last one that pollutes the environment. In recent years, more than 180 polluting enterprises have been shut down, more than 110 industrial companies have been relocated, and more than 510 projects have been optimized and upgraded. In particular, nearly 6 billion have been invested. Yuan builds a circular economy park, realizes the "three concentration" of heating, desalination, and pollution control, and implements full supervision of industrial pollution sources.
Make overall plans to promote the management of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses. To control soil and water loss, and carry out comprehensive improvement of upstream river channels, a national major water conservancy project with a total investment of 3 billion yuan, and a comprehensive control and control project in the Xin'an River Basin, the Yuetan Reservoir is about to be built for water storage. Promote mountain closure and forestation, returning farmland to forests, and afforestation with high standards. A total of 5.35 million mu of ecological public welfare forests and 1.07 million mu of returning farmland to forests have been built. The city's forest coverage has increased from 77.4% to 82.9%; vigorously promote wetland parks and riverside The construction of nodes in regions and other regions has a wetland protection rate of 43.7%, which is 6 percentage points higher than that of the whole province, effectively conserving water sources and purifying water quality.
Establishing a Multiple Input Guarantee Mechanism
The first round of trials of the ecological compensation mechanism in the Xin'an River Basin was conducted from 2012 to 2014, and a compensation fund of 500 million yuan was set up, of which 300 million yuan was invested by the central government and 100 million yuan was invested by Anhui and Zhejiang provinces. The annual water quality reached the assessment standard, and Zhejiang Province allocated 100 million yuan to Anhui, otherwise the reverse was true. The second round of pilot runs from 2015 to 2017. In accordance with the standard of "subsidy subsidies, good water and good prices", Anhui and Zhejiang provinces each increased by 100 million yuan. The third round of trials lasted from 2018 to 2020 and continued the water quality assessment across river basins across provinces, but the water quality assessment standards were higher and the scope of application of compensation funds was expanded.
Our city has made full use of the "seed effect" of pilot compensation funds, and innovated fund-raising mechanisms based on the principles of "government guidance, market advancement, and social participation" to guide social capital to increase ecological investment and build socialization, diversification, and long-term effects. Development model of environmental protection.
In the first round of trials, the municipal government and the China Development Bank reached a strategic agreement on financing the Xin'anjiang comprehensive governance, and strongly supported the comprehensive governance of the river basin. In the second round of trials, the Xin'anjiang Green Development Fund was innovated and set up with a scale of 2 billion yuan to further promote green development in the river basin. In the third round of trials, the transformation of the Xin'anjiang Green Development Fund was accelerated, with a more market-based operation, improving capital efficiency and increasing investment. To promote ADB's low-interest loan projects, a memorandum has been signed and 39 projects have been arranged. Increase cooperation with social capital through the PPP model to promote waste and sewage treatment in the whole basin ...
Since the pilot, the city has invested more than 14 billion yuan, of which 4.16 billion yuan has been used for pilot subsidies, and successively implemented Xinanjiang comprehensive treatment, circular economy park infrastructure construction, urban and rural sewage treatment, construction of a centralized pesticide distribution system, rural garbage and river courses. A number of key projects including rectification have provided a strong guarantee for the implementation of the pilot of the ecological compensation mechanism and watershed governance.
Cultivate a green production lifestyle
30 paper cups accumulate 1 point, 1 paper cup cigarette butt 1 point, 2 points can be exchanged for a bag of salt, 3 points can be exchanged for a bag of MSG ... In the "Eco Beauty Supermarket" of Qiankou Village, Huizhou District, every Monday business day, the door There will always be a long line of villagers. "Exchanging goods with garbage" is a great initiative of the grassroots level in our city, which has greatly stimulated the villagers' enthusiasm for participating in environmental protection.
In the process of advancing the ecological protection of the Xin'an River, the city's concept of green action for all the people has been planted to guide the citizens to actively participate in the construction of ecological civilization and protect the green mountains and rivers.
The implementation of green production, the centralized distribution of pesticides, and the distribution of ecological red envelopes to tea farmers have further enhanced the capacity for sustainable development. Advocating green living, building "eco-beauty supermarkets", and embedding environmental protection concepts in village regulations and people's conventions continue to build the masses' ecological awareness, ecological morality, and ecological responsibility. Promote green fashion, carry out activities such as volunteer service, policy promotion, science popularization training, etc., and widely spread the concept of ecological civilization that respects nature, harmonious human and water, and ecological value.
Protect the green mountains with a rigid system. More than 70 normative documents have been issued, such as comprehensive management target management, standardized pilot fund use, and water quality assessment of districts and counties, which have created an "environmental shield" for ecological and environmental protection. Innovatively formulated the first “Land and Lake System Regulations” of prefecture-level cities nationwide, and promulgated local regulations such as “Regulations on the Management of Pesticide Use”, “Measures for the Management of Kitchen Waste” and “Interim Measures for the Classification and Management of Domestic Garbage”, which provide the rule of law for ecological protection and watershed management. Protection.
Open an effective channel for "two mountains" transformation
Green water and green mountains are Jinshan and Yinshan. Since the pilot, the city has adhered to development under protection and protection during development, actively explored the effective transformation of green mountains from green mountains to golden mountains and silver mountains, and accelerated the construction of a green modern industrial system.
Promote "ecological + exquisite agriculture", combined with rich mountain resources, adapt to local conditions to develop special cultivation such as chrysanthemum, dried and fresh fruits, Chinese medicinal materials, spring water fish, etc., actively explore the development mode of small production areas, and launch a group of well-known nationwide Green agricultural products. Promote "ecology + new industries", highlight green orientation and low-carbon direction, and initially form leading industries such as green food, automotive electronics, green flexible packaging, new materials, and the industry's contribution to economic growth reaches 42%. Promote "ecology + global tourism", study and study featuring ecological culture, photography and sketching, cultural experience, Huizhou bed and breakfast, sports and leisure, and other business formats have flourished.
Seize the national strategic opportunities, proactively integrate the Yangtze River Delta, actively integrate into the Hangzhou metropolitan area, and accumulate more development momentum in undertaking radiation. Continue to deepen multi-level interaction and cooperation with Hangzhou, and promote co-governance of the ecological environment, transportation connectivity, in-depth tourism cooperation, and industrial collaboration. With the comprehensive promotion of large transportation, Huangshan's tourism cultural ecological advantages have become more and more unique in the regional economy.
The exploration and practice of the ecological compensation mechanism in the Xin'an River Basin fully demonstrates the truth power of Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, embodies the spirit of struggle to be brave and tough, and has taken a new path of high-quality development with complementary advantages and co-construction and sharing.
Edit: Zhang Chi